DISEASES AND PEST OF BROCCOLI IN OPEN FIELDS

“Dear friends, I invite you to get acquainted with the newest platform, ABA Online, which will serve as the Voice of Albanian Farmers. There you will find a variety of information related to Agriculture & Livestock such as: Articles on Production Technologies written by Relevant Field Experts; also, in ABA Online you can find Wholesale Market Prices, Opportunities for Online Sale-Purchase of your products, chat with each other through the Forum, ask the Expert about the problems you encounter on your farm, as well as many other sections of interest for the development of Agriculture in Albania. For more, you can see for yourself the official website of the ABA
Online platform : https://www.abaonline.al

What are the diseases and pests of broccoli in the open field? Broccoli, like cauliflower and cabbage throughout the growing season, is damaged by a variety of diseases and pests, the protection of which requires the qualified opinion of a specialist in the field.

Why are diseases a problem?

They cause significant reductions in production,commercial value decreases and production revenues decrease.

Cabbage Hernia

It is a very dangerous and difficult disease to fight. Perennial agricultural turnover, planting of sustainable cultivars as well as treatment of the soil with hot steam and fumigants give a good effect.

Fusarium wilt

It is a disease that causes yellowing of leaves and inhibits plant growth. Good effect gives perennial agricultural turnover, planting sustainable cultivars Fights well with cuproxate copper sulfate based fungicide

Blight

During the autumn period, when temperatures drop and humidity rises, cauliflower plants can be affected by vrugu and alternaria, mainly damaging the leaves. The perennial agricultural turnover gives a good effect, the planting of stable cultivars, but without neglecting the use of the preparation based on copper oxychloride, as it also has a preventive effect.

Aphids

In the early stages of development but also in vegetation, cauliflower can be affected by some pests such as aphids and moths. They are controlled with contact or systemic insecticides. Bacillus thuringensis-based biological insecticides are very effective against larvae that damage cruciferous vegetables.

COLLECTION AND STORAGE OF BROCCOLI


“Dear friends, I invite you to get acquainted with the newest platform, ABA Online, which will serve as the Voice of Albanian Farmers. There you will find a variety of information related to Agriculture & Livestock such as: Articles on Production Technologies written by Relevant Field Experts; also, in ABA Online you can find Wholesale Market Prices, Opportunities for Online Sale-Purchase of your products, chat with each other through the Forum, ask the Expert about the problems you encounter on your farm, as well as many other sections of interest for the development of Agriculture in Albania. For more, you can see for yourself the official website of the ABA
Online platform : https://www.abaonline.al

We invite you to read the article prepared by ABA ONLINE experts about the collection and storage of broccoli which can also be found at the following link:

https://www.abaonline.al/Article/SingleArticle?articleId=ea8484de-415f-498f-86f7-922c894c0592



Broccoli is harvested when:

The “flowers” are still small and tight between them. The “heads” should be such that each flower in the group has not started to show yellow petals. In some cultivars, by removing the top heads, the ansore heads develop quickly, enabling the harvest to continue for several weeks. The “head” is harvested by cutting them together with some leaves. “Heads”, it is necessary to avoid sun exposure both before and after harvest. After harvesting, the “heads” are placed in crates and stored in environments with a temperature of 0 ° -1 ° C and relative humidity of 95%, equipped with a good ventilation system, to remove carbon dioxide.

Careful !

Broccoli heads produce a high amount of ethylene accelerating the process of aging and decay and therefore the storage period of broccoli heads is very short. If the “heads” are placed in layers and with enough space between them, an active air circulation system is used, to avoid raising the temperature in the container, broccoli can be stored without spoiling for 10-14 days at a temperature of 0 ° -1 ° C and 95% humidity.

Improvement of standards and quality of aromatic herbs in Albania.

History of the BioBes company, broadcast on Swiss Radio – Television, RSI

Albania has about 350 different types of medicinal and aromatic plants that grow across the territory. The goal of the Risi Albania project, supported by the Swiss government, is to create a system that allows small growers to not only collect but also adhere to quality standards. Besnik Koçi is an entrepreneur from the town of Lushnja, who after emigrating to Greece has returned to his homeland, dealing with agricultural activity, an activity that his family had previously taken care of and turned it into a company for cultivating plants. Already, he has opened up opportunities for other growers to deal not only with plant collection but also with other processes.

“I have migrated to Greece since 1995, as many Albanians at that time and I have stayed long. We thought we would go back to Albania where we would work with the cultivation of medicinal and aromatic herbs,” he says. “BioBes” was created in 2014 and has collaborated with Albanian Innovation, which has provided support to improve. They deal with the cultivation of 70 different types of plants. After the raw material is placed in the stock, it is selected and passed to the processing line.

BioBes has become a point of reference for small growers who are no longer obliged to dry the aromatic herbs home. BioBes is an example in Albania how a company can improve its activity, be sustainable, and how it can reach larger markets. Trustworthy is not only investing in his business but is also creating quality standards “We can not forget where we came from, because if we do not know where we come from, we do not know where we are going” – he emphasizes

Albanian culinary traditions, part of the International Handicraft Competition in China

Albania has competed in the field of cooking and networking and information, in the “International Crafts Competition”, which took place in Chongqing, China, from 25 to 31 May 2019, within the framework of the “One-way street” initiative. This competition was attended by 44 countries around the world competing in 17 different areas, including Albania. In the field of cooking our country was presented by competitor Adriano Musta and his coach Olsjon Bilani, who are from “Hotel Turizëm” school in Tirana. In the field of network connectivity and information was presented by competitor Fatjon Mehmeti and his coach Ilda Fishta of Herman Gmeiner high school.

The team is complemented with Luljeta Dauti, a specialist in the Ministry of Finance and Economy. Representatives of the Albanian team in this competition have been dignified and have managed to receive a medal of encouragement in the field of cooking, ranking 8th out of 17 countries competing in this field. The Albanian team will return to Albania with an exceptional professional and personal experience and with the best impressions on the organization of this contest, the hospitality of the Chinese people and the natural beauties of China

Albania creates for the first time Topographic Topographic Map, Japan supports the creation of the first topographic digital mapping in Albania

Create Original Topographic Map for Urban Development in Albania

The Japanese Government is supporting Albania in the first creation of topographic digital mapping of contemporary standards that support sustainable and long-term development of the country’s socio-economic sectors. Since 2017, the Albanian government, in cooperation with the Japanese government, through the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), supports the State Information Authority (ASIG) to implement the “Geospatial Information Project and Sustainable Land Development in the Area Tirana-Durres “. The project aims to improve ASIG staff capacity and produce topographic digital mapping (1: 2000) in Tirana and Durres areas based on the knowledge and technologies transferred from this project.

As part of the human capacity building activity, JICA and ASIG organized a training session for Tirana University students at the Faculty of Civil Engineering of the Polytechnic University of Tirana. Using the equipment of the software procured by the Project as well as the knowledge gained through training, ASIG staff and Japanese experts taught students how to produce topographic digital maps. This activity enabled students to use advanced data capture technologies, how to utilize geospatial information and techniques for compiling digital topographic maps. Attending the event were the Ambassador of Japan to our country, Makoto Ito, the resident representative of JICA Balkan Office, Hideya Kobayashi, and ASIG General Director, Lorenc Çala, who praised this process with a direct impact on the country’s development .

Japan’s Ambassador to our country, Makoto Ito, said that “a lot of work has also been done, field verifications have already been completed, the first air photographs of Tirana and Durres have been produced, and a sample of digital topographic maps has been created.” “Additionally, 10 ASIG staff members have been training in Japan over the past two years in efforts to increase the capacity of this institution and to meet the needs of the Albanian population living in Tirana and Durres. Through this step of sharing our knowledge and experience with the students of the Faculty of Civil Engineering of the Polytechnic University of Tirana, we hope to offer these prospective professionals an opportunity to better understand these devices and this technology, which in the future they will be able to independently prepare topographic digital maps, “he stressed.

While the resident representative of JICA’s Balkan Office, Hideya Kobayashi, said that “with the help and strong commitment of cooperation from ASIG’s excellent staff and the Government of Albania, so far, JICA and ASIG have successfully implemented the project for creation of digital topographic maps. Since its inception in February 2017, this project has focused on: the production of Digital Topographic Maps for interested parties; improving ASIG’s capacity through on-the-job training by Japanese experts to transfer knowledge and technology of map production; training in Japan for ASIG specialists in the production of digital maps; advising and providing the necessary support for the widespread and effective use of topographic digital maps for purposes such as urban planning, infrastructure development and maintenance, etc. “.

As you may know, Japan has a long and friendly relationship with Albania, and has supported the Albanian government and people for more than 20 years, for further development of the country and the creation of more healthy and prosperous communities, he said. it. At the end of this activity, the Resident Representative of the Balkan Office of JICA, Kobayashi, symbolically handed over the ASIG General Director, Lorenc Çala, equipment and software, donated to ASIG, within this project.

Through this project, JICA is supporting ASIG in enhancing technical and human capacity, and transferring relevant knowledge about digital topographic mapping. Director General of ASIG, Lorenc Çala historically praised the creation of digital maps that constitute a revolution in the service of multidimensional development of the country.

A seminar on agriculture and European legislation on bio products is being held

At the Agricultural Technology Transfer Center, a seminar focusing on organic farming and European legislation on bio products, access to agroprocessors and agroprocessors in finance, has been developed, among the support schemes of AZHBR and the IPARD program. The seminar was made possible thanks to the cooperation of the Center for Transfer of Agricultural Technologies, the Local Economic Development Agency and the Institute for Social and Economic Development and Production, in the framework of projects funded by European Union funds.
Present were producers and agroprocessors, farmers from the region of Vlora, advisory and agribusiness specialists, scientific researcher in the field of agricultural products, chairman of the Albanian Agribusiness Council, Agim Rrapaj, and co-ordinator of the agro-processing or agro-processing sector of the Risi Albania program, Gramoz Osmani. Funding schemes are the financial instrument that gives farmers the opportunity to increase the quality of the product.

The MTEF Chairman stated that it is very important for farmers to be informed of the costs and advantages they have from group certification. According to him, focusing on a model would be beneficial to all, as recent experiences have been unfavorable leading to instability.

The Director of the Agricultural Technological Transfer Center, Aulona Veizi, said:”We are here for certification, starting from the plant, to the chain of biological production in total and to the consumer. The second phase of this seminar is with the AULEDËN for subsidy schemes. This is the most important moment and we are in cooperation with every institution in support of farmers, for completing the documents that in our opinion as a specialist are simple. ” These schemes and services they offer to agroprocessors, agroprocessors and their benefit were presented by AULEDA. Legal counseling, business idea identification and development, application preparation, strategy and marketing are some of the services that AULEDA offers, thanks to the support it has received from the Helvetas program, Risi Albania.

AULEDAS’s secretary, Mirela Koçi, in connection with this seminar said:”This meeting is the synergy of some projects being implemented where the focus is on farmers, the agro-industry sector. AULEDA is recently providing services for IPARD applications, national schemes. We are helping farmers within the services offered by the Risi Albania program, at the same time we are implementing the project “FOKUS”, which is a project focusing on four elements, namely the production of milk, olive oil, wine and citrus fruits. These sectors will be beneficiaries of our services. Very soon, some of the businesses in this sector will have the opportunity to participate in an international network in Cyprus, giving them the opportunity to conclude cooperation contracts. All these are examples of how the public and private sector can become together, giving aid to the sector and making synergies between services. “
Farmers were invited to contact experts on the AZHBR support schemes, which are open, but also to be an active part of the “FOKUS” program. This program aims to establish on-line producers of olive oil, dairy, wine and citrus processing with homologous producers in EU countries, not only for cooperation but also to see examples of success models for bio products.

This meeting was positively evaluated by the Head of MTEF, Agim Rrapaj and Coordinator of the Agro-Industrial Sector and Agro-production of the Risi Albania program, Gramos Osmani, for the assistance aimed at increasing the capacities of farmers, the production of quality products and the profitability of funds

Food Safety, Rrapaj: The facts should be separated from the opinions, road travelers can not replace the experts

Some recent news has been published that has led to the opening of a public debate on food security for domestic products. Are there news to be taken as being offered or getting smarter and seeing what’s really happening. For this topic, to clarify the consumers who are concerned about the safety of food they consume, said the chairman of the Agribusiness Council of Albania, Agim Rrapaj. He stressed that the MTEF will strike and strike any case of abuse that has been presented with concrete facts but drew attention to the factual sharing of opinions. We can not take the opinions of everyone who speaks, but always rely on concrete facts and expert interpretations. Based on the analysis carried out by the Veterinari Institute recently, there has been no case with pesticides over allowed norms, such opinions only affect domestic production. The MTEF chairman emphasized the importance of hacking informality as a way to avoid any abusive case.

We are in front of a public debate that occurs almost always in this period, to damage or to attract attention, it remains to be seen. What do you think?

For food security, we really need to worry, because it is about health, in the future, it has to do with what we are aiming for, which is to feed well. Domestic production in Albania has a significant share in the nutrition of the population, I would like to mention the fact that 1.2 million inhabitants live in rural areas and mainly rely on their products, but at the same time a good part of the local market in urban areas is fed with these products . There are about 350 thousand families that produce for self-consumption, for the consulent in urban areas and all of these together that reach 2.8 million people are mainly fed with local produce. The moment we cast doubt on the quality of domestic products is the most important moment that we should pay attention to. I’m pro the media or anyone who finds a fact, makes it public, has our undisputed support. We as KASH, as farmers, as producers or agroprocessors are very interested to hit anyone who casts a drop of paint now that domestic production has just started, but we can not accept opinions from roadside opinionists. A roadster can not determine whether or not our products are left over. This is determined only by the laboratory. I would be very worried if professor Kristaq Sinaj, professor Sherif Lushaj or Vjollca Ibro would talk about food safety, so they would talk to experts in agriculture, food and microbiology who know this sector. It would be nice if the plant protection agronomists were talking, and if there were facts, it would be an alarm bell for us. But, when there are road reviews that really come back to fairy tales, these opinions only damage domestic production. We must be very careful. Food safety is an element that we should pay attention to every day, it should be noted by the manufacturer, the packaging company, the exporter, but also the one who sells it. In the present case there is no evidence to create such an opinion on domestic production that has just begun. I can not believe anyone who has an opinion and says that at dinner I did stimulate and the morning flies 20 tons of watermelons or that says the best tomatoes come from Italy. These are people who speak without having the right information or qualification. We are very worried and we wanted to carry out the analysis. There have been 47 analyzes by the Veterinaria Institute which is a certified laboratory and none has come up with residues above allowed norms. So there is no single case that we worry. We can not load farmers with elements they do not have. Who can believe that 1.2 million farmers do not avail themselves of their produce and that these people, with their desire, want to harm their children or that we have in our hands people who do such actions. This does not draw attention to being striking against any phenomenon, but let’s ask why we are dealing with opinions rather than facts. We can not stand in the face of unfounded and untrue opinions in the concrete case. There is absolutely no and it is not necessary to use those stimulants mentioned in different shows in this situation. We know very well that there is a trade conflict, importers may like these opinions but this is not fair. These options do not positively impact domestic production when it has just started to emerge.

Are domestic products always so pure or should we also accept cases of the introduction of these stimulants?

At the moment we have a fact, we are relentless to this fact, but we have to share the fact from the public. Are opinions based on the grounds that serve the importers, that serve dishonest competition or harm domestic production? In this case yes. Opinions do not help anyone but the unrighteous. These opinions are widespread at the moment that domestic products will replace imports, and Albania is already in production with others in the evening, because of weather and not stimulants. It’s good for this country that we get into production a month before, but it worries the others. We have no barriers to importing fruit, but we can not accept an artificial barrier created by the opinions. This is also dangerous for those who attack us, even for those who have a very special element, such as domestic production that can not really handle this unjust attack.

To protect the domestic customer but also the manufacturer what should we consider in this period? Starting from debates on VAT reimbursement, the lack of subsidies, disbursement of IPARD funds that have not yet started, can we say that we are damaging domestic production?

Domestic production is vital to our country, it is vital for the family, for the livelihood and of course it is sacred. Being such does not mean that it is not affected by other elements to hurt its quality. I have never said that there is no smuggling and I will not say. I urged all those in the field to denounce phenomena of this nature, I have supported all of them to make public, but the other element is that the responsible bodies, such as the AKU, should be encouraged to add controls and give them answers to the elements that create these opinions. There are elements that are abusive, but they are informal and we have to fight informality. The opinion is created by the media, but also by street-opinionists. For me, it is time to set the phenomenon that is not based on facts.

Does the prosecution have to move the case in this case to reveal the truth or will it let it pass on media discussions anyway?

If there is concrete evidence moves the prosecution, without facts, I do not believe it. This is about road reviews, collected everywhere, and I do not believe it is so disturbing to move to a legal problem. This is worrying when we have concrete facts. The prosecution would hasten whether the media would present a concrete fact or a specific name. I can not move the prosecution for road reviews. This is funny. If we have facts, it must be that the prosecution should intervene.

The thing I want to draw attention is that we have to be very careful about the quarantine, when we do spraying. We do not have the necessary quarantine. I urge all producers to be careful in this regard. I want to mention a fact that is very important. A few days ago we made a conference with Global G.A.P which is the largest organization in the world for certification and a big company had called and said that we want to get products from Albania but want your presence there. The vice president of Global G.A.P has come to Albania. We have started a process and with the support of Risi Albanias we will soon start implementing those criteria that Global G.A.P., so we are not falling in terms of quality but we are towards stabilizing the situation.

VAT Refund Reduction, Rrapaj: Consequences and Alternatives to Problem Solving

Reduction of VAT refunds for agricultural products from 20% to 6%, making the 14% difference burden on the producers has created many problems. Farmers have emerged in protests by throwing their products on the streets. Regarding this topic, the chairman of the Albanian Agribusiness Council, Agim Rrapaj, invited to TV Scan, talked about the problems created, the farmers’ response and the measures to be taken to resolve this situation. He emphasized the effect of this legal change, which cited as a result of increased informality, loss of traceability and increased food insecurity. Under these conditions the collectors will be directed to the import products by abandoning domestic products. The KASH Chairman also presented the possible alternatives to solve this problem.

Full interview

In what situation is a producer or collector today due to legal changes?

The situation was tense and the reaction was expected. This change has been done without studying the terrain, without consulting the stakeholder groups and without making a proper study of the possible consequences, as a result we face this situation today, which is no worse. To change a fiscal package or change the law on VAT, a very large study had to be done and consulted with interest groups in order to find a solution for all parties. We have been opposed to such a change. The Ministry of Finance should cooperate with the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, which has not happened. Legislators prior to adopting this measure should discuss the respective committees with interest groups.

Why is it hurry to adopt such a legal change?

The reason for us remains undiscovered. There are indications that the farmer did not receive 20% of the VAT from the crusher. This 6% measure, which is in force today, has been in the past. The reason for this reimbursement is that this sector is formalized, the products are sold, the opportunity to make contracts becomes bigger and on the other hand we can identify the whole product. We are in a situation today that this 14%, from collectors can not pass to farmers. Farmers are in a situation that they have no room to lower the selling price of their products. Farmers are reacting fairly, as the arguments they give are not convincing arguments for them. Even the VAT deduction measures on inputs have no bearing on livestock farmers, as 75% of livestock consuming milk products have not been affected at all by input measures, remains only 25%, but this measure has not yet been seen as it will take some time to accomplish.

Is there a category that benefits from changes in the fiscal package?

There is a category that benefits and in this case will benefit the importers, they will benefit subsidized products in other countries that are at a cheaper cost than our products and under these conditions will benefit those collectors who have not bought products the country to date. The tendency to benefit is higher for importers than for those who have concluded agreements with farmers. Will there be lower domestic production? Certainly there will be lower domestic production and other problems associated with investments made by collectors. Here is the emergence of the conflict, already forced farmers are joining the gatherers as they have no choice because they have been able to sell their product to date. In 2013 there were only 6 thousand formalized farms and today there are 41 thousand farms and the only economic mechanism was VAT. Now this value of formalized farms will decrease as there is no need for NIPT. With 6% VAT refund no interest.

Which sector is more at odds with these legal changes?

Everyone is in trouble, first of all we mention the farmers. Import of dairy and by-products, meat and its by-products are among the basic foods and imported about 200m euros at the time of reimbursement by 20%, the more so now. All other products are also discriminated against in relation to products that are imported and are subsidized from abroad.

Has the market reaction started so far as you have observed so far?

The reflection has begun and has really started with a strong reaction from the farmers, as well as with the attraction of domestic market collectors. All of these together lead to a collapse, are the defeat and the days of protests or products being thrown into the streets. The problem is that the informality will increase, causing more concerns regarding food safety. We will again have farmers who will want to sell directly to the market and not through the gathering. That way, we will lose traceability. Three are the solutions that appear in this case. The first is returning to the reimbursement of 20%, the second solution concerns the unification of 6% in sales and 6% on purchases, just as Europe has. The third element is to set a 14% barrier for all domestic products being imported and competing unfairly from subsidized products in other countries. Under these conditions we are obliged to find one of these solutions. The problem is solved by uniting business associations, farmers themselves, collectors, and consumers alike.

Do they have access to subsidies for small farmers, as it seems as if we have a subsidy cut?

I do not see the problem of reducing the programmed fund, as this year we have more than any other year. The problem lies in fund disbursement rather than programming. We have more funds since we have the IPARD program, the funds of GIZ SARED which are considerable, we have more than 4 million euros from subsidy schemes, the program “100 villages” etc. The problem remains the disbursement and we create these barriers, these conflicts that prevent us disbursement. The measures to be taken are said several times. First we must equip the property certificates, in the rural areas we have not stabilized and updated the ground surface which is the base, secondly we need to identify all the assets we have, we have over 9000 unregistered tractors. We are not working for environmental protection, with this oil price and energy we can not attract investors. Another negative element is the interference with VAT reimbursement and the fiscal package as a whole, where we can take as an example the growth of plastmas price for greenhouses where no explanation has been given and has not intervened to fix it.

For what part of the subsidies should measures be taken to get these funds to farmers?

We have made some concrete proposals. A good part of the farmers were excluded due to the lack of ownership certificates. Farmers are asked for a certificate of ownership for the stables, which is quite difficult as they keep them for only 2 months and do not build stalls that can be cleared. These are excluded from the subsidy and especially from IPARD. The second element concerns the way of building application files or non-formalization of farms. We have proposed concrete measures for the formalization of farmers, through the electronic card, the introduction of the electronic register and just like the KBC, to have a single center for farmers’ registration. In this way we will have the opportunity to make the sector comparable to other countries.

Is your expectation of setting up a national center for farmers, such as the one for business, to be considered?

We are waiting these days to discuss with Minister Çuçi and Minister Denaj, we left in the middle of this discussion. Next year, we will become a census and we think we will make a very good combination of the proposal we have made and the census on the other hand, to have the opportunity to identify all the assets that we have in rural areas. We have untapped assets as a result of lack of cooperation, lack of innovation and mechanization and we can use them until they have abandoned all rural areas and create opportunities for those who want to return. Only by creating this ground we have the opportunity to develop agriculture, livestock and rural areas as a whole. Warming for the funds allocated to the “100 villages” program. There is a pattern in these 100 villages, but we have to change directions everywhere in rural areas, as we can not go on with traditional agriculture, but to go to agrotourism, the environment and the processing of traditional products. We have extraordinary cultivars that are not found anywhere.

Recently, we have a large number of Albanians who have left the country or are willing to leave. Has this been observed in rural areas by adding the land to the land?

The changes that have been made have caused a surplus of products, we have not had a sustainable development of our farms. We have a very big problem in terms of horizontal cooperation. We are not united on the ground and if we do not consolidate on the basis we will have difficulties in vertical co-operation in order to make the value chain. We have a lot of movement from rural areas, moves that are leading to the growth of land surface and lowering the number of heads from year to year. This is explained by the mood of the markets and the increase in the cost of the product.

Negotiations on VAT Compensation for Farmers, Rrapaj: We’re Passing into a Trade Clash

It seems that the problem of livestock farmers and women who came out in mass protests after the fall in the value of the value added tax compensation this year is going from 20 to 6%.

The working group set up for this purpose in the Ministry of Agriculture has proposed a subsidy measure for dairy producers at 10 Lekë per liter, not only for the first quality milk (currently benefiting) but for all categories.

Kërkesa pritet të marrë miratimin e Ministrisë së Financave dhe Ekonomisë. Nëse edhe këtë herë nuk do të gjendet një zgjidhje, agropërpunuesit thonë se do të vazhdojnë bojkotin për të mos blerë më prodhime në tregun vendas.

According to the chairman of the Albanian Agribusiness Council, Agim Rrapaj, the clash is shifting from institutional to a trade clash. Already they are fighting with importers of milk and their by-products. “We are heading towards a collision between domestic importers and producers, whereby with the reduction of the VAT reimbursement winner will be the importer.

He explains that the exclusion from VAT on inputs in agriculture has not been able to effect the reduction of prices of seeds, seedlings and fertilizers because of the traders’ stock, by undermining the argument of lowering costs for farmers with this measure has been done by the Ministry of Finance.

“Despite the abolition of VAT from agricultural inputs prices continue to be high, as companies have reserves from last year and imported them with VAT”, – explains Rrapaj.

If the situation is not resolved on April 3, farmers and livestock farmers will gather in Lushnja to continue the protests launched in the last month.

University Pact, 1m euros for the first didactic farm in Agriculture

The EUR 1 million fund for the construction of the first didactic farm at the Agricultural University of Tirana will activate a tremendous and untapped potential in the function of the rural economy and the development of agriculture in the country.

So today, Prime Minister Edi Rama from the premises of the Agricultural University of Tirana, who has benefited 1 million euros from the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, for the first didactic farm.

The government-university partnership under the Pact’s commitments to the University, according to Rama, will radically transform the university’s relationship with society and the market.

“Today we are fulfilling the very old need to build a didactic farm. At its latest meeting, the Government, at the request of the Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development, granted a EUR 1 million fund to the university to launch this multilayer enterprise and create its own company. which enables an optimal link between scientific work and market, “said Rama.

Underlining the importance that this government gives to the Agricultural University, Rama said that this is the 6th time that visits the premises of this university, while expressing the conviction that “in the past 25 years all my predecessors brought together did not come nor half my in 3 years “. The Prime Minister expressed the confidence that “here we have a tremendous untapped potential and we have the necessity to put this potential not only in the function of students but also of the rural economy and the development of agriculture in the country.

In the past, this university has been a center of excellence that also had international reputation for the top scientific level. Today is at the stage of a difficult rebirth, because it comes from a long traumatic period when the library was fired, not counting all the territories or assets that were conquered or robbed by making the process of revival of the university very costly “, said Rama. Costs, according to him, “have to do with the need to pay substantial funds to get rid of unjustly lost property in completely unfair, abusive legalization or compensation”. “It took almost three decades to begin the liberation of the University in a territorial view,” Rama said.